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The Forensic Unit is under the command of the Detective Captain and is part of the Criminal Investigation Division. It is made up of an 11-member team of sworn officers which include one Lieutenant, two Sergeants, and 9 Forensic Investigators. Additionally 4 administrative personnel are assigned to the Evidence Section.

The responsibilities of this Division are to document, photograph, preserve and process all evidence related to any type of crime in Anderson County as well as to interpret the results of processing for the Case Investigator, the prosecutors and the juries. The section handles the forensic portion of the investigation from their first arrival at the scene all the way through to providing expert testimony at trial.

Crime Scene Section - The primary function of the Crime Scene Section is to locate, document, collect and preserve crime scene evidence. This is accomplished by skilled and highly trained investigators utilizing forensic innovations, equipment and methodology

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Because many aspects of crime scene investigation are based on science and changing technology, continual and ongoing training is necessary. Crime Scene personnel receive advanced training and respond to those calls where the type of crime or evidence requires advanced skills to process. Once evidence has been collected, it may be further analyzed by Forensic Division personnel or forwarded to various area laboratories such as the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division for further testing. Crime scene processing and analysis is often a critical component in identifying a suspect and for the successful prosecution of a criminal case in court. CSI personnel work throughout the county and provide support to other municipal, state or federal agencies upon request.

Latent Print / AFIS Section - Latent fingerprints remain a foundation in the field of forensics. Numerous powders, light sources, techniques and chemicals are used to develop and preserve latent fingerprints left at the scene of a crime and objects handled by suspects. Once the latent print is developed and preserved, it is entered into the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), which searches state and federal records for identification. The Anderson County Sheriff's Office has an in-house AFIS terminal, which is available for use by surrounding agencies. This system is also one of the tools used in identification of human remains as a service to the Anderson County Coroner's Office.

Footwear and tire impressions evidence collected by members of the crime scene section are also evaluated by the Latent Print Section. The Latent Print Section personnel have the capability to enhance video surveillance evidence and also have a composite artist on staff. In 2011, there were 653 latent prints that were of AFIS quality that were submitted and 149 of those were matched with a suspect.

Evidence Section - This section's main responsibility is the custody of current evidence, i.e. guns, drugs, clothing, and any other items that may have evidentiary value. Evidence is tracked by computer during the judicial process until final disposition. The evidence is then returned to the rightful owner or destroyed in case of contraband.

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